Welcome to the Magical Mystery Tour - this topic has exercised me far too long!
Confusion exists around the precise locations of .....
The sources used here are .....
Mike Brown (2001) Guide to Dartmoor, CD-ROM, Dartmoor Press.
Eric Hemery (1983), High Dartmoor, Robert Hale, London, page 118-119.
Paul Rendell (2007), Exploring Around Burrator - A Dartmoor Reservoir, The Dartmoor Company, Okehampton, pages 21, 22 & 55.
The confusion arises partly because one place (Higher Lowery) took the name of another (Lower Lowery) after the former was abandoned. Another reason is that early Ordnance Survey maps show Higher Lowery to the north of Devonport Leat, this being logical after the renaming took place. Then there is the question of Lowery Cottage and East Lowery .....
The first , original Lower Lowery site, information (shortened) on the Heritage Gateway web site .....
|Name:||Deserted farmstead at Lowery, Burrator|
|Grid Reference:||SX 555 690|
In other words, this original site, believed to date from 1256-1417 was destroyed by the building of the road around the modern reservoir and / or subsequent afforestation.
Reproduced with the permission of the National Library of Scotland
and Memory-Map Europe, with permission.
The image above is a composite old OS map overlying a Bing Map layer, where the present Lower Lowery barn is indicated by the white pointer at the top of the image and the old, original site of Lower Lowery is similarly indicated near the centre of the image. The OS map indicates the old site at Lat / Long -4.0381°, 50.5035°. The inset is a Memory Map image with this Lat / Long converted to a National Grid Reference, SX 55564 69063. This is just inside the fence, about 30 metres from the stile.
Reproduced from the Ordnance Survey mapping with the permission of the controller of Her Majesty's Stationery Office © Crown Copyright.
Unauthorised reproduction infringes Crown copyright and may lead to prosecution or civil proceedings. Licence no. 100019783
Tithe maps were drawn in the decade following the Tithe Commutation Act, 1836. This replaced the payment of tithes "in kind", a tithe was a tenth of any produce grown etc. payable to the Church monasteries, and after their dissolution they were paid to landlords. Tithes were then paid in cash, for the mostpart. Each map was accompanied by an Apportionment Schedule, this numbered each item and listed whether tithes were to be paid to the owner or the Crown.
The section of tithe map above shows "Higher Lowery", which is today's Lower Lowery. Parcel 707 show a homestead which was later called Higher Lowery on the 1st Edition 1887 25-inch single sheet OS map - this was also known as Lowery Cottage. An unlabelled homestead shown north-east of this that was known as East Lowery. Towards the bottom of the map is the original "Lower Lowery", now lost. Once, one location was known as Middle Lowery - presumably today's Lower Lowery (marked as Higher Lowery on this tithe map)..
This should dispel any confusion!
|Name:||Lower Lowery farm, Burrator|
|Grid Reference:||SX 556 692|
Greeves, T. A. P., 1979, South West Water Authority Burrator Survey, No.60, plans (in smr) (Report - non-specific). SDV278356.
|MDV20621||Related to: Deserted farmstead at Lowery, Burrator (Monument)|
|MDV20614||Related to: Higher Lowery deserted farm, Walkhampton (Monument)|
|MDV12732||Related to: Leathertor Deserted Medieval Farmstead, Walkhampton (Monument)|
|MDV3441||Related to: Stone cross at Lowery, Burrator (Monument)|
Reproduced with the permission of the National Library of Scotland
Ordnance Survey 1890s-1920s 25-inch map
Higher Lowery Devonport
Built 1807, by the Dock Water Company, occupied until 1922, 115 yrs.
Devonport Leat was contracted 1793 and completed 1801
Dock became renamed Devonport in 1824
Photograph used by kind permission of The Dartmoor Trust Archive
|Name:||Higher Lowery deserted farm, Walkhampton|
|Grid Reference:||SX 557 694|
Copyright guidance - Information from the Devon & Dartmoor Historic Environment Record
Addendum 1 - If THIS OLD MAP is examined (OS 25-inch 1890s-1920s) and and the blue round slider is moved to the LEFT, to show the underlying Google Satellite view, it will be seen that the modern road appears just north of the building on the old map - this was probably the original Lower Lowery.
Addendum 2 - From Mike Brown (2001) Guide to Dartmoor, CD-ROM, Dartmoor Press, ref. 55756942.
Some large rocks and the paltry remains of some foundations overlooking the little streamlet which flows along the west side of the large patch of greensward are all that remain of Lowery Cottage, built in 1807 by the Plymouth Dock Water Company — Dock is the old name for Devonport. The property entry is written thus on the first page which was newly opened under the company heading (named as the lessees) in the Maristow estate rental ledger of 1808 —
29th Sept 1808 Rent of a Cottage and a Plot of ground lately built and
Inclosed from Lowery Steant, granted to them for 30 years from
The name of Dock was changed to Devonport in 1824.
|Name:||East Lowery Farm deserted settlement|
|Grid Reference:||SX 558 694|
Ordnance Survey, 1880 - 1899, First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.
No sign of the building on the late 19th century historic map; the triangular shaped plot that the house occupied is depicted.
Greeves, T. A. P., 1979, South West Water Authority Burrator Survey, Number 64 (Report - non-specific). SDV278356.
|MDV20614||Related to: Higher Lowery deserted farm, Walkhampton (Monument_|
Copyright guidance -
Information from the
Devon & Dartmoor Historic Environment Record
Lowery Tank - a small enclosure, described as originally containing a tank-like feature of unknown purpose in Devonport Leat No longer apparent.
Lowery Stent - the "stroll" (a passage between walls / enclosures often allowing access to common land, extending here from the nearby road up towards Peek Hill
Lowery Tor - overlooking the Lowery area, en route to Peek Hill, SX 5563 6976, elevation 367 metres (1204 feet)
Lowery Quarry - abandoned, SX 5555 6960, on the south flank of Peek Hill
Lowery Moor - the area east of the Lowery settlements, now afforested
Old maps also show "Stone Cross - Remains of" just north-west of Lower Lowry, possibly an original, stone Lowery Cross proper
Lowery Cross 2 - local road junction, not a cross-roads.
Middle Lowery is mentioned by Rendell (p.21), this may have been today's Lower Lowery, between the original Lower Lowery (lost when the reservoir ring road was built) and Higher Lowery (that was north of the leat)
Lowery Road - shown on old maps as running from Lowery Cross to Cross Gate
Lowery Lane - I thought I saw this somewhere as the lane down to the
original Lower Lowery, but I can't find it again.
"Lowerthylane" - eventually found in (Mike Brown (2001) Guide to Dartmoor, CD-ROM, Dartmoor Press, grid reference 5575 6942 . From the context, this might refer to the later-named Lowery Road.
Key to old OS map abbreviations .....
B.M = Bench Mark
G.P = Guide Post i.e. signpost
L.B = Letter Box (or London Borough!)
S.B - Signal Box
By about 1870, East and Lower Lowery were knocked down and replaced by a larger farmhouse (extrapolated from Rendell, p.22). Perhaps this was today's Lower Lowery, with its present day barn? The datestone on the barn is 1873.